The constellation's most obvious deep-sky object is the naked-eye Andromeda Galaxy (M31, also called the Great Galaxy of Andromeda), the closest spiral galaxy to the Milky Way and one of the brightest Messier objects. To find constellation Andromeda, first look for the W-shaped constellation Cassiopeia in the northern part of the sky. Nine of these lie in a plane, which has caused astronomers to infer that they have a common origin. Andromeda has three stars brighter than magnitude 3.00 and three stars located within 10 parsecs (32.6 light years) of Earth. [70], Media related to Andromeda (category) at Wikimedia Commons, Constellation in the northern celestial hemisphere, The 41 additional constellations added in the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries, "Sharpest ever view of the Andromeda Galaxy", "Edwin Powell Hubble – The man who discovered the cosmos", "3D/Biela and the Andromedids: Fragmenting versus Sublimating Comets", "Meteor Activity Outlook for November 19–23, 2011", Centre de données astronomiques de Strasbourg, The Deep Photographic Guide to the Constellations: Andromeda, Warburg Institute Iconographic Database (over 170 medieval and early modern images of Andromeda),, Pages containing links to subscription-only content, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from EB9, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating citation to the NSRW, Wikipedia articles incorporating citation to the NSRW with an wstitle parameter, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 21 November 2020, at 16:25. It is one of the largest constellations, with an area of 722 square degrees. It belongs to the NGC 1023 Group. V428 Andromedae (HD 3346, spectral class K5III) has two suspected exoplanets, detected in 1996. [56], The Andromeda Galaxy's two main companions, M32 and M110 (also known as NGC 221 and NGC 205, respectively) are faint elliptical galaxies that lie near it. You can easily observe the Andromeda Galaxy using binoculars. The constellation of Perseus is located in the northern celestial hemisphere. Messier 110, image: Sloan Digital Sky Survey. Andromeda is a large northern constellation, visible in the months around September. Click on any of the images on this page to explore the full size image. It is best known for being the home of the Andromeda galaxy. Because of its distance in the sky from the band of obscuring dust, gas, and abundant stars of our home galaxy, Andromeda's borders contain many visible distant galaxies. Andromeda Galaxy (also known as Messier 31, M31, or NGC 224) is a spiral galaxy located in the Andromeda constellation.. At the center lie the remains of the original star’s compressed core, a small white dwarf. RX Andromedae is a Z Camelopardalis-type variable star. NGC 70 is a spiral galaxy spanning 180,000 light years. This relatively simple grouping of stars can be best viewed between the months of February to August in the Northern hemisphere and between October and December in the Southern hemisphere. The galaxy was independently discovered by Caroline Herschel a decade later. [15] Since the time of Ptolemy, Andromeda has remained a constellation and is officially recognized by the International Astronomical Union. Andromeda is represented in the Northern sky by the constellation Andromeda, which contains the Andromeda Galaxy. The two components are designated GX Andromedae (Groombridge 34 A) and GQ Andromedae (Groombridge 34 B). The galaxy has an apparent magnitude of 11.2 and is located at an approximate distance of 10 million light years. The ancient constellations have great importance in Greek mythology. [57][58][59] Hubble originally estimated that the Andromeda Galaxy was 900,000 light-years away, but Ernst Öpik's estimate in 1925 put the distance closer to 1.5 million light-years. It contains eight globular clusters in the halo that surrounds it. Price and Locations of Star Citizen Ships for Sale and For Rent in game. It has a visual magnitude of 14.7 and is 287 million light years distant. It has a magnitude 14 hydrogen-fusing companion. Depending on your location and the season, different constellations can be seen. NGC 206 is a star cloud in the Andromeda Galaxy. It is also known as the Chained Maiden, Persea (wife of Perseus), or Cepheis (daughter of Cepheus). [18] The official boundaries of Andromeda were defined in 1930 by Belgian astronomer Eugène Delporte as a polygon of 36 segments. What Quadrant is Andromeda Constellation in? Cetus is in the region of the sky that contains other water-related constellations: Aquarius, Pisces and Eridanus [8], Andromeda is also associated with the Mesopotamian creation story of Tiamat, the goddess of Chaos. Like our Milky Way, this large spiral galaxy is … NGC 68 is classified as an E1-type elliptical galaxy. [51] M31 is the largest neighboring galaxy to the Milky Way and the largest member of the Local Group of galaxies. Messier 32 was the first elliptical galaxy ever discovered. The two stars orbit each other with a period of 96.7 days. [51] This galaxy is at an approximate distance of 30 million light-years from Earth, calculated from its redshift of 0.002. It has a supermassive black hole in its centre. There is simply no finer location in Pratumnak with regards to view and ambience. [52] Despite being visible to the naked eye, the "little cloud" near Andromeda's figure was not recorded until AD 964, when the Arab astronomer al-Sufi wrote his Book of Fixed Stars. ... though a female figure in Andromeda’s location had appeared earlier in Babylonian astronomy. Only steps away from Andromeda, enjoy a beautiful uncrossed white sand beach that is perfect for barefoot strolls. When the king sought advice from the Oracle of Ammon on how to prevent complete destruction of his lands, he was told that the only way to appease the gods and nymphs was to sacrifice his daughter to Cetus. NGC 404 has an apparent size of 3.5’ x 3.5’. The Andromeda galaxy, our Milky Way's closest neighbor, is the most distant object in the sky that you can see with your unaided eye — but only on a clear night from a location with a very dark sky. Mirach is visible from all locations north of the equator and from southern locations north of the latitude 54° S. Constellation. M32 is about 6,500 in diameter and mostly contains old stars, with no star formation going on inside the galaxy. This is over 1,400 times the size of the full moon, 55% of the size of the largest constellation, Hydra, and over 10 times the size of the smallest constellation, Crux. Like all those that date back to a pattern known to Ptolemy, it is attributed to a wider zone and thus many surrounding stars. Iota Andromedae is a B-type main sequence dwarf, bluish white in colour. The star names approved by the International Astronomical Union (IAU) are Adhil (Xi Andromedae), Almach (Gamma Andromedae A), Alpheratz (Alpha Andromedae Aa), Buna (HD 16175), Mirach (Beta Andromedae), Nembus (51 Andromedae), Sterrennacht (HAT-P-6), Titawin (Upsilon Andromedae A), and Veritate (14 Andromedae A). The galaxy contains a trillion stars. NGC 90 is located at a distance of 333.8 million light years and NGC 93 is 259.7 million light years away. 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