However, the character of this purification is never clarified, and it seems there is no true distinction between heaven, hell and “purgatory”. To maintain consistency, the Virgin must somehow be conceived without original sin to be a pure vessel for the Christ. While Roman Catholic doctrines experience changes over time, the Orthodox churches believe in remaining firm to existing doctrines and the New Testament. Copyright © 2018-2020 Saint John the Evangelist Orthodox Church. Thread starter Eugenio; Start date Oct 14, 2010; 1; 2; 3; Next. Orthodox and Catholic were one in the same Church before the Great Schism in 1054. Below is his response, quoting a brochure handout out by the Orthodox. We will never know Him in His essence, but we can know Him through His energies, most particularly Grace. 1:22, 5:23; Col. 1:18) and thus has no need for a vicar. Yet as human beings, we can interact with the sun through its energies (the heat it radiates, the light it provides, and the energy it gives off to feed plants, which in turn provide oxygen for us to breathe). This is due to the belief that the Bible is not to be changed in order to avoid false doctrines. The Orthodox object to the filioque for several reasons. Christmas celebrations take on … The Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox Church have been in a state of official schism from one another since the East–West Schism of 1054. Protestants (e.g. According to the Greek Orthodox belief the early church and the Bible should be left unaltered. 2 Fillioque (and changed creed, whichs change was banned on the third ecumenical council) 3 purgatory. There are further differences between them which states that Greek Orthodox Churches have icons and Roman Catholic Churches have statues. Comparison of Catholic and Orthodox Liturgical Practices. >>, Your email address will not be published. The Liturgy is not a sacrifice but merely our participation in Christ's sacrifice. But suffice it to say that these 7 differences are some of the more noticeable, well-known ones. The Second Ecumenical Council ratified the Creed as it now stands. In addition to varying views on papal authority and original sin, the churches use different calendars to calculate religious holidays. Orthodox church allows marriage within their priesthood while Catholic church does not. 16:19). Because Catholicism does not understand God as both essence and energies, problems arise in its understanding of both the presence of God in the believer and the effects that occur because of His presence. Differences between the Mass and the Divine Liturgy reveal both a common spiritual source and distinctive developments in worship over time and space. Roman Catholic Church is the church that is headed by a pope. Unless I'm mistaken, the Assumption of Mary is also part of Orthodox belief, but not due to any statement of a Pope. A Joint International Commission for Theological Dialogue between the Roman Catholic Church and the Russian Orthodox Church has also been created. Basil the Great). That is because nowadays Catholic and Roman Catholic has become synonyms. He cannot advise for a change of leadership in any country even if he feels that the government in a country is moving in a direction not desired by the Church. Difference #1 – The Orthodox Church Doesn’t Have a Pope Figure. First, it deliberately changes the words of Christ in John 15:26. There are further differences between them which states that Greek Orthodox Churches have icons and Roman Catholic Churches have statues. I am interested in understanding the differences between the two rites. According to the Greek Orthodox belief the early church and the Bible should be left unaltered. You are right that you as a Catholic can not participate in Orthodox Communion, though both Communions are the same thing. I was hoping that you would be able to tell more about the differences between Catholic and Orthodox liturgy. The Orthodox hierarchy need not trouble itself with these sorts of questions, since Orthodox clergymen (including ecumenical patriarchs) can and have been deposed on a number of occasions, without presupposing the collapse of the entire Christian Church. When you consider some of the beliefs of Catholics, the Catholics believe Mary to be one without original sin and hence appropriate to be the mother of the son of god. A traditional (Tridentine) Catholic Mass is permitted and encouraged by Rome, and these are more ornate and you would see less disctinction between the two. While the announcement was greeted with joy by most Catholics and many doctrinally orthodox Anglicans, others remained confused. Andrew Stephen Damick lists 5 differences between the Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox Church – can you think of any more? We cannot experience Him in any tangible, realistic way. It is difficult to imagine that an Orthodox Christian would think that way, and the Orthodox/Catholic divide is far more complex than any internal conflicts within the Catholic Church. Orthodox/Catholic differences: 1 pope's primacy. Catholic priests remain celibate, while Orthodox priest can receive the Sacrament of Holy Matrimony. Despite Rome’s official position, many Catholics argue that the filioque refers to the Spirit’s temporal mission, not His eternal procession. Interestingly, the rest of the Apostles receive these same keys to bind and loose in John 20:23, and the Lord Himself says He is the One with the “keys of hell and of death” (Rev. Unless that stain is removed (via baptism after Christ), every man is in a condition of gracelessness and damnation. Second, it violates the perfect balance of Trinitarian theology. Orthodox/Catholic differences: 1 pope's primacy. If she, without any effort, and without having any kind of impulse to sin, remained pure, then why is she crowned more than everyone else? Differences between Catholic Mass & Orthodox Divine Liturgy. Hello, my boyfriend was born and raised Byzantine Ruthenian and I was born and raised in the Roman Rite. • Orthodox Church did not accept the Roman language Latin and preferred using native languages from the start. This phrase changes the nature of the Holy Spirit’s procession, stating that He proceeds eternally from the Father and the Son, rather than from the Father only. Christ specifically says that the Spirit proceeds from the Father, not the Father and the Son. Moreover, the Orthodox recognize a fatal flaw within St. Augustine’s approach to original sin. There are also many cultural and ritual differences between the Churches, such as prayers, vestments, and liturgies, but many of these also exist between the Eastern and Western Particular Churches of the Catholic Church. This is perhaps one of the most publicized differences between the two Churches, and is one major factor that eventually led to the Great Schism. If the grace the believer experiences is simply an “effect,” then he remains separate from God. Read More: Is There Grace Outside The Orthodox Church? Imagine for a moment: a black American travels to Africa and sees a black African there. Also, the priests are not allowed to marry in Catholic Church. This is perhaps one of the most publicized differences between the two Churches, and is one major factor that eventually led to the Great Schism. For printing use a "Printer Friendly" PDF version. Russian, Coptic, etc.) According to Catholicism, the “saved” go to purgatory when they depart this life. Ultimately, this doctrine betrays Rome’s desire to define God’s nature rather than to simply experience God as He revealed Himself to us. Aside from the papacy, the other differences between our churches escape our notice. The sacrifice being referred to is the one sacrifice of Christ on the cross and then His resurection. The most obvious concern here is this: what do you do if the pope is a heretic? This alone sets up entirely different undertones and social interactions between the clergy and the parishioners. An outstanding and detailed explanation of the differences between the Catholic and Eastern Orthodox churches is The Russian Church and the Papacy by Vladimir Soloviev (1853-1900), a Russian Orthodox theologian who was condemned by his church for his efforts at Christian unity. I understand that people are mostly concerned about historical differences between the two churches, but I was wondering if you would know more about some of the liturgical customs. The two biggest differences between the Catholic faith and the Eastern Orthodox faith, boils down to two main disputes: The Papal’s Supremacy and the use of a centralized spiritual authority. They also have differences in the calculations of the days pertaining to Easter and Christmas. This is what made it possible for her to assent to Christ’s Incarnation. But we do not acknowledge any claims of supremacy, because these claims have no basis in Scripture or in the writings of the Fathers. The Immaculate Conception (IC) is a Catholic dogma that says the Theotokos was conceived without the stain of original sin (per St. Augustine). I wanted to post this here and get the response of some on this forum to the points made below. These differences continue till date even after a thousand of years. • For the Catholics, the Pope in Rome is the highest authority and Vatican is the seat of Christianity. Actually, when we say Catholic here, we are referring to the Roman Catholic church. Evangelicals usually hold to the Protestant idea of “Sola Scriptura” which, in English, means ”Scripture alone”.What this belief practically means is that the Bible alone is the supreme, infallible authority for a Chrisitan. In relation to the sacrament of the Holy Eucharist, while Roman Catholics make use of an unleavened wafer, members of the Greek Orthodox Church use unleavened bread. Naturally, true communion with God is impossible if we remain separate from Him. • Constantinople or Istanbul is considered to be the seat of Christianity by Orthodox. While we agree with the idea that we experience a “waiting time” between now and the Final Judgment, we object to the Catholic satisfaction model, which states that God requires payment even after He forgives our sins. In an attempt to differentiate between Catholicism and Orthodoxy, many, especially from the Orthodoxy doctrine, have used the terms Pope, filloque or even Purgatory, to show the diversion between the two. Another reason for the difference is that the Eastern Orthodox do not hold the same legalism as the Catholic Church when it comes to inspiration and canonical status. After all, if Mary, even in the womb of her mother, when she could not even desire anything good or evil, was preserved by God’s grace from every impurity, and then by that grace was preserved from sin even after her birth, then in what does her merit consist? The beliefs of the Orthodox East and Roman Catholic West may seem similar on the surface, but in reality, they are quite different. Orthodox vs Catholic. It is true that some older Orthodox churches do not have pews, but most in the United States do. However, papal authority is on the wane as though he is still the figurative head in the west. There is no support in Scripture or patristic writings for the IC. This enabled the Orthodox Church to start an official dialogue with the Catholic Church in 1980. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Copyright © 2010-2018 Difference Between. Next Last. Major theological differences between Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholic Churches. While Roman Catholics tend to use statues to represent the saints, the Orthodox Church has a rich iconographic or pictorial tradition. The Greek Catholic church generally refers to one of the rites of the Eastern Catholic churches, namely the Byzantine rite. Of all the Christian churches, I think that the Greek Orthodox remains closest to the original Teachings. What are the differences between Orthodox Christianity and the Roman Catholic Church? 2:11). Hello, my boyfriend was born and raised Byzantine Ruthenian and I was born and raised in the Roman Rite. An outstanding and detailed explanation of the differences between the Catholic and Eastern Orthodox churches is The Russian Church and the Papacy by Vladimir Soloviev (1853-1900), a Russian Orthodox theologian who was condemned by his church for his efforts at Christian unity. Orthodox priests state observances focus on spiritual development and less on material aspects like trees and gifts. The basic beliefs and practices remain the same. by Father Michael Azkoul . Catholic–Orthodox ecclesiastical differences are differences between the organizational structure and governance of the Eastern Orthodox Church and that of the Catholic Church.These are distinguished from theological differences which are differences in dogma and doctrine. While being both unknowable essence and knowable energies, God is still Himself, One God in Three Persons, undivided. In other words, created grace is an effect. Papal infallibility teaches that the pope cannot err in questions of faith and morals when speaking ex cathedra (“from the throne”; this doesn’t make the pope sinless or perfect). 1:18). These differences, as you can see, were relatively minor and nothing close to the later difference between the Protestant Old Testament and the Catholic/Orthodox Old Testament. I wish they had churches in rural areas. No one, not even an ecumenical council, can supposedly overturn the ruling of a pope. When most people ask about the difference between Christians and Catholics, they’re really asking about the difference between Catholics and Protestants. […] then for what did God glorify her? Orthodox (e.g. Relations between the Roman Catholic Church and the Moscow Patriarchate became tense in the early 1990s. What about the Philokalia? Men and women are usually seated together in the Catholic Church, while in the Orthodox Church men and women usually stand separate, men to the left and women to the right. What are the Differences Between Orthodoxy and Roman Catholicism? The believer is sanctified through synergy with God and His energies. Rejection of this dogma endangers your salvation. Comparison between Orthodoxy, Protestantism & Roman Catholicism: T he table below aims to given an outline of some of the key issues in Christian belief and how the three traditions view these issues. • Orthodox Church feels that Mary was ordinary but was chosen to be the mother of Jesus as she had led a virtuous life. Non-Catholic Religions. • Western Church or the Catholics believe Vatican in Rome to be the seat of Christianity. It goes without saying, but the Orthodox do not share Rome’s official position here. There is no victory without an adversary.”. The doctrines of Orthodoxy and Roman Catholicism have been separated for over a thousand years. While the Eastern Orthodox Church emphasized the distinct personhood of each member of the Trinity, the Roman Catholic Church emphasized the Trinity’s unity of essence. Here we go! Most Catholics (and quite a few Orthodox) are not aware of what makes us so different. I am interested in understanding the differences between the two rites. At the root of the Great Schism between the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox churches was the ways in which the idea of the Trinity was expressed. E. Eugenio Elder. Have you always heard of it but is it still not clear what the differences are between the Orthodox and the Catholic Church? Orthodox more specifically refers to the Eastern Orthodox Church, which is a branch of the Catholic Church. Relations between the Roman Catholic Church and the Moscow Patriarchate became tense in the early 1990s. Probably the biggest, and most obvious, difference between the Orthodox Church and the Roman Catholic Church, is that the Orthodox Church doesn’t have a Pope figure. He didn’t learn about that distinction till he was in his teens. Imagine the sun. Terms of Use and Privacy Policy: Legal. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. This makes the Catholic version of God far less approachable or near to us, because He is only Himself. Another difference between the Orthodox and Catholic understanding of God is absolute divine simplicity. Catholicism tends to rely heavily on sentimental traditions and iconic imagery. It is some minor differences that crept in slowly starting from 5th century AD that led to a great schism in 1054 AD. @media (max-width: 1171px) { .sidead300 { margin-left: -20px; } } Please Note: this list is not exhaustive and only begins to skim the surface of this topic. The difference between orthodox and catholic is in a number of aspects such as the belief of Mary and the acceptance of the pope. Simple and delicate nail decorations. Catholicism claims that the essence of God (who He is in Himself) is identical to the attributes of God (what can be said about Him). There are other differences as well, which aren't divisive in the same way: Liturgy The Roman Catholic Mass is very different to the Orthodox Divine Liturgy. The Orthodox faith, on the other hand, teaches that God is both unknowable essence and knowable energies, following the teachings of Gregory Palamas and the ancient Church Fathers (i.e. But They did not fall for the veneration of Mary. We experience God concretely as Three Persons, not as a nature. Papal supremacy is the teaching that the Pope of Rome has immediate, supreme, universal jurisdiction over every Christian. Teaching stems from a certain view of Saint Peter that led to a great schism in 1054 AD celibacy. 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